Tuesday, May 26, 2009

Hald, Nørre Vosborg, Hegnet

foto from Hald: kai bachmann, sept. 1999

Dollerup sogn, Nørlyng herred, Viborg amt.

We are able to follow the history of Hald back to the 14th century - but hardly further back in time. Several Danish legends has got tales about the manor, but they are only legends. The manor is known to us in history from the beginning fo the 14th century. The manor was probably owned by Ludvig Albertsen Eberstein (+ 1328), whose daughter Margrethe sold her part of her inheritance to her brother Peder Ludvigsen Eberstein, which was confirmed by the king in 1346. But already the year before had Peder Ludvigsen pawned his parts in Hald to Niels Bugge of Nørre Vosborg, and in 1346 he sold the manor and the estate to him.

Niels Bugge was one of this period's richest and most powerful noblemen. He built the strong borg (castle) at Hald which is mentioned in ta famous Danish folk song:

Hr. Bugge han bygger Hald op med ære
han agter den ikke i fremmed mands være
De ride så frit gjennem Danmark.

Although Niels Bugge owned other farms and manors in Denmark , i.e. the West Jutland Nørre Vosborg, his name is especially connected to Hald. It was very likely from Hald that he in the 1350s led the big rebellion of the dissatisfied Jutland nobility against Valdemar Atterdag. Niels Bugge might not only have been the richest nobleman of the kingdom, he was also the most authoritative man of that time. He dared to oppose the king. This resulted in king Valdemar's siege of Hald. This is also mentioned in the folksong, where he says " that the king can make as much trouble he wants, he'll just wait for him at Hald. Valdemar says that he has heard that Niels Bugge has built a building so strong that no arrows nor catapults can conquer it, and Niels Bugge then tells the king that he will be able deal with the siege and to stay at Hald for nine winters! " Well, so much for the folk-song. Niels Bugge succeeded in keeping his independence. The king had to leave with without having achieved anything , and upon the big Danehof (Danish Court) in Nyborg in 1354 the reconciliation took place between Valdemar Atterdag and the Danish people, but this did not last. Soon the dissatisfaction flared up again.

In December 1358 and granted safe passage Niels Bugge went together with two other noblemen to Slagelse in order to reach a settlement with the king. But no reconciliation was arranged and already in January 1359 the noblemen left the king empty-handed. Their passage home was disrupted in Middelfart where they were murdered. Some fishermen of the town assaulted and killed them. Was it something the king had ordered? It is not possible to make this out, it is only possible to guess and then furthermore note that the king solemnly disclaimed the responsibility for the murder. The residents of the houses in Vestergade in Middelfart, where the perpetrators lived, had to pay a yearly tax or blodpenge (blood money), the socalled Buggespenge, which was paid up till 1874, more than 500 years later.

In his second marriage with Ingeborg Pedersdatter Vendelbo Niels Bugge had a daughter Lisbeth, who married the Mecklenburg-Ridder (knight) Gotskalk Skarpenberg who for a period had served the Swedish king Magnus Smek and also was høvedsmand (military chief) at Båhus. With his marriage to Lisbeth he achieved Hald, but he soon sold it to the king, Valdemar Atterdag, who did not pay it at once/at all! Actually it was queen Margrethe I who paid the purchase price to fru Lisbeth and her son Johan (Henneke) Skarpenberg of Gammellund and Højriis. (NB: and Spøttrup)

(Extract from: Danske slotte og herregårde, vol. 13 )

foto: grethe bachmann

Nørre Vosborg
Ulfborg parish, Ulfborg herred, Ringkøbing amt.

Among the many borge/castles which appeared during the Middle Ages in West Jutland - up north from Limfjorden and down south to Kongeåen - Vosborg was one of the earliest in Danish history. It was originally built southwest of the present manor and close to the delta where Storåen (river) runs out in Nissum Fjord. The name Vosborg comes from oldnordisk óss meaning åmunding (mouth of the å). While the first manor Oseborg was placed north of the water stream, the ladegård (farm building) was placed south of the water, and between them was a valuable salmon-farm. The outflow of Storåen moved later longer to the north and the voldstedet ( the castle bank) is situated at a rest of the old water stream, Gammelå. It is noted that there were foundations from a very large four winged building with a tower, and the legend tells much about a castle which the mighty Niels Bugge of Hald let build by an English master builder at this place which he was said to have inherited from his father, Bugge Nielsen of Hegnet.

As known and before mentioned Niels Bugge was killed in Middelfart in 1359. His widow Ingeborg Pedersdatter (Vendelbo) outlived him for many years and owned Vosborg for a period, possibly until 1388, where she distributed estate after hr. Niels. From his numerous estate Vosborg, Støvringgård and Lindholm (Lundholm?) ( and a long gone by sanddrift destroyed manor at Skagen) came to his daughter Eline (Ellen), who was married to marsk Christiern Vendelbo, who owned many Jutland manors. All their daughters were married to men from the best aristocratic Danish families, the daughter Ingeborg Christiernsdatter Vendelbo of Vosborg was married to the widower Predbjørn Podebusk of Egholm at Zealand. And thus came Vosborg to the family Podebusk for many years.

(Extract from: Danske slotte og herregårde, vol. 13)

Tøndering parish, Harre herred, Viborg amt.

Hegnet was the main manor during seven generations for one of Denmark's most powerful herreslægter (nobility families) . The home place of the Skeel-family was the land between Kolding and Vejle, but as soon as in the first decades of the 1500s the main line of the family left and went north to the Viborg-Randers-area from where the Skeel-family and their descendants up til the present have been the owner of much estate . The very first estate they got up here in the north was Hegnet in Salling.

But this old Salling-manor does not parade venerable or imposant buildings, although it is the oldest in this part of the country. Bugge Nielsen was the owner of Hegnet in 1332, he was the father of the mighty Niels Bugge of Hald and without any doubt one of the greatest Danish landowners. It is said that he was killed by Erik Brune Banner of Sønder Elkær at Lyby kirke. From the same period is probably "fru Bolde of Hegnet" who is among the family-members for whom Albret Andersen Skeel via a deed of gift established masses for their souls at Tøndering kirke 11 July. Fru Bolde's sister's son's daughter's daughter fru Kirsten Krag brought the manor to her second husband Anders Skeel. Her first husband was Peder Hase of Vellumgård who died ab. 1425.

(Extract from: Danske slotte og herregårde, vol. 12, 1966)

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