Jelling kirke, Gorms grav

Jelling kirke, Gorms grav
Jelling kirke, Gorms grav

Thursday, August 27, 2009

The Family Løvenbalk,



AunsbjergDanmarks Adelsårbog xx1903 s289
Erik Christoffersen Løvenbalk.
Løvenbalk, jysk uradelsslægt (Jutland ancient nobility)whose
ancestor Erik Christoffersøn - who is not known from primary
sources - was the fruit of king Christoffer II's relationsship with
a lady of the ancient nobility family Lunge (Mette /Inge?) Lunge.
Erik Christoffersøn's sons were Niels (earliest 1377) and Johan
Eriksen, who in 1343 sealed with a coat of arms showing a
walking blue lion above two golden beams.

Niels Løvenbalk was the father of ridder Jens Nielsen (+ 1442) of
Aunsbjerg and Odsgård, who was great-grandfather of ridder
Mogens Lauridsen Løvenbalk (+ 1536) of Tjele, who maybe was
married to Genete Jacobsdatter Craigenfelt (Cragengelt) (+ 1567)
"The Scottish Woman", with whom he had the son Knud Mogensen
Løvenbalk (+ after 1598) of Kellerup with whom the family died
out.

Jens Nielsen Løvenbalk (+ 1442) of Aunsbjerg, rigsråd, died
1. February 1442, buried at Gråbrødrekirken in Viborg,
his parents were Niels Eriksen Løvenbalk (+ earliest 1377)
and Sophie Johansdatter Rantzau. Married to Ellen Munk,
a daughter of Peder Munk (+ earliest 1367) of Holbækgård.
In 1424 Jens Nielsen Løvenbalk said that he was 80 years
of age and had been rigsråd for 40 years; this information
is hardly true, in the kept documentary material he is first
mentioned in 1396, and at that time he was still væbner.
The same year he became landsdommner in Nørrejylland,
and he kept this important office for a generation.

At the king's election in 1397 he was ridder and member of
rigsrådet, and from this time his name is often seen in
the official and private documents of that time. He became
especially wellknown when he in 1405 had to pay a humiliating
and costy penance for his killing the Jutland nobleman Jens
Jensen Brock of Clausholm. It seems though that he quickly
re-gained his respected position. Still in 1424 he was one of
the first secular magnates, who gave evidence in the
kejserprocessen (emperor process) about Sønderjylland, and
the same year he participated in settling the feud between
queen Philippa and bishop Ulrik of Århus about the
inheritance after his predecessor bishop Bo.After this time
his name is seldom seen, probably caused by his high age.

He and his wife's unusual large gravestone (a portrait stone),
which according to an untrue tradition was Hans Tausen's
rostrum at the first Lutheranian sermon in Viborg, was in
1786 moved to Hinge, where the original inscription was
removed; in 1835 it was brought back to Viborg and placed
in the garden Hans Tausen's Minde

After Thiset's Danish text: grethe bachmannDansk Biografisk Lexicon,
Carl Frederik BrickaProject Runeberg.

Jens Nielsen Løvenbalk and Ellen Pedersdatter Munk's daughter
Marine Jensdatter Løvenbalk was married to Jens Kaas of Kaas.
(mt. 1408-29). see Kaas-family

Tjele
Løvenbalk, Mogens Lauridsen, - ab. 1536, of Tjele, ridder,
son of Laurids Mogensen Løvenbalk of Tjele and Maren Bille,
a sister of bishop Ove Bille. He was in 1523 endowed with
Nørlyng herred and was in 1525 in Scotland, where he as
Frederik I's messenger worked against Christian II. In 1529
he participated as skibschef/captain in Mogens Gyldenstiern'es
expedition to Akershus. He is mostly known for his relationship
to Genete Cragengelt "the Scottish Woman at Tjele". He died
ab. 1536, and Tjele came to his sister Maren Lauridsdatter
in her marriage to Erik Skram,  since Mogen's children with
Genete were not accepted as legitimate.

After A. Heises Danish text: grethe bachmann

Cragengelt, Genete Jacobsdatter, -- 1567, was a
Scottish lady of nobility, related to the counts of Montrose,
she came to Denmark together with ridder Mogens
Lauridsen Løvenbalk of Tjele, who had been in Scotland as
an envoy for Frederik I. He had two children with her, a
son and a daughter, but it seems that he treated her
only as a slegfredviv/mistress. She was not present at
his table, and at his death in 1536 he left her a considerable
fortune in personal property, but handed over Tjele to
Erik Skram, who was married to his sister.

First in 1557 the son, Knud Mogensen, tried to prove with
a deposition from Skotland that his parents were married
31. August 1525 in Robert Barton's house in Leith - a
strange place for an envoy of Frederik I, since Robert
Barton was an eager follower of Christian II. The verdict
was against Knud Mogensen, maybe because he had not
claimed his inheritance on time,  and Tjele remained as
Erik Skram's estate. Later Knud achieved good statements
about the about the validity of the marriage from the
Universities in Wittenberg and Copenhagen,  and at
Frederik III's intervention Erik Skram's children allowed in
1571 Knud Mogensen to use the coat of arms of Løvenbalk.
Genete had however died in 1567, she had bought Harlevholm
in Framlev herred and married a civil man,Hans Skriver. She
is buried in Harlev kirke and is at the gravestone called an
"ærlig og velbyrdig Frue " (an honest and noble lady), but
none of her husbands are mentioned.

Allen, breve og aktstk. til Christ. II's og Fred. I's Hist. I, 368,
Danske herregaarde VIII: Tjele.
Rørdam, Kbhvns Universitets Hist. 1537-1621 II, 39 ff.
Hist. Tidsskr. 5. R. I, 414 ff. 
After A. Heises Danish text: grethe bachmann
Dansk Biografisk Lexicon,
Carl Frederik BrickaProject Runeberg.

No comments: