Ribe domkirke & Riberhus
Niels Lændi/Lendi - 1300, King Erik Menved's rigsråd,was in 1283 and probably still in 1296 Høvedsmand at Riberhus and was closely connected to Ribe and surroundings. He founded an altar in Ribe domkirke for his and his father Christiern Lendi's souls; he had,together with the bishop, to appoint people of Varde Syssel for ships' business. A son of Niels Lendi was later bishop in Ribe, but it is also known that he owned Troldorp, a long disappeared main farm in Sabro herred; one of his daughters was married to Anders Stigsen Hvide, the famous marsk Stig's son, and another daughter to Palne Jonsen of Støvring. As the king's rigsråd Niels Lendi was in 1298 and 1300 forlover (guarant) of the safe passage letters, which were issued for archbishop Jens Grand and for the Norwegian king, and in 1307 he sealed the letter of vasalry for hertug Christoffer on Sønderhalland and Samsø.He was married to a daughter of Niels Peck or Niels Kammermester and was probably dead already in 1310. Kinch, Ribe bys Hist. I, 1, 30, ff. After Thisets Danish text: grethe bachmannDansk Biografisk Lexicon, Carl Frederik BrickaProject Runeberg. Niels Lendi was the ancestor of the Kaas-family with a chevron in their coat of arms. His son was hr. Jens Nielsen of Kaas.(who is mentioned 1302-25). His daughter Margrethe Nielsdatter Lendi was married to Anders Stigsen Hvide of Møllerup. Another daughter Elne Nielsdatter Lendi of Troldorp was married to Palne Jonsen Juul of Støvringgård. ( A daughter of Elne and Palne Jonsen was Lisbeth Palnesdatter Juul, who was married to Niels Bugge of Hald.) (Source: P. Filtenborg: Sejer Olesen Leth og hans slægt) Stårupgård,Højslev sogn,Viborg amt. Danmarks Adelsårbog: Kaas, Bjørn *1518, rigsråd, + 26 March 1581 at Bygholm,buried in Højslev church (Viborg amt) Parents: Niels Kaas of Stårupgård + 1534 and Anne Bjørnsdatter Bjørn + 1539. Married 4. November 1554 at Stårupgård to Christence Nielsdatter Rotfeld; she was buried 19. March 1601 in Bjersø kirke in Skåne, she was a daughter of Niels Jensen Rotfeld of Bratskov, + earliest 1551, and Anne Høgsdatter Banner of Eskær, + earliest 1553. Bjørn Kaas was abroad 1540 and took part in 1548 as a member of court in Chr. III's daughter Anne's wedding-procession to Sachsen. After this he was in foreign active service and led together with his brother Jens Kaas a private feud against the city Lüneburg. After 1561-63, having been a vasal at Vordingborg slot, he played a leading role as vasal in Skåne 1564, first at Hälsingborg 1563-65. As a provisions-master in Skåne together with Axel Viffert he was hardly free from responsibility of the bad provisioning, which paralysed the strategy; on the other hand he wasn't too compromised, since he 1565 replaced rigshofmester Eiler Hardenberg as vasal at Malmøhus (until 1580), as which he from time to time received government orders for the whole province and continuing had considerable co-responsibility for the army's supply, which seems during the following years to function quite a lot better. Together with other leading men in Skåne he summoned up (several times) Skåne's peasants as a defense against Swedish attacks and took part in leading a failed peasant attack on Småland late 1567. In the beginning of the same year he had been elected rigsråd and immediately after this he led together with Frands Brockenhus a force to Norway, where they with a reinforcement from Bergenhus forced the Swedes to give up the siege of Akershus. During the next years Bjørn Kaas got more diplomatic assignments. He took especially a leading part during the negotiations with Lübeck about the restoration of Bornholm, which he together with another rigsråd received in the name of the Danish government 1576. 1580-81 he was a vasal at Bygholm slot. Bjørn Kaas was the owner of a large estate. Besides the family manor Stårupgård (main-building is his work) he had Vangkær, Kærsgård and Ellinggård in Vendsyssel, Voergård in Hellum herred, Tybjerggård at Sjælland and Bjersøholm in Skåne. A part of his riches came from his wife. Niels Hemmingsen dedicated his work "Livsens vej" to Bjørn Kaas (1576). A gravestone with portrait in Højslev kirke.(Viborg amt) Stårupgård, the Great Hall Dansk Biografisk Lexicon: Kaas, Bjørn - 1581, of Stårupgård, rigsråd, belonged to the Sparre-Kaas family and was a brother of kansler Niels Kaas. (+1594). In his youth he was a member of the Danish court (hofsinde) and was in the entourage, which in 1548 accompanied the king's daughter Anna to Sachsen. Later he lived a turbulent life abroad. After his homecoming he had important vasalries, Vordingborg 1561-63, Helsingborg 1563-65, Malmøhus 1565-80 and Bygholm 1580-81; also various pantelen(pawned vasalries) in Jutland and Skåne. In March 1567 he became a member of rigsrådet, and shortly after he and Fands Brockenhuus were sent on a sea-expedition to Norway, where they fought at Oslo, and after having got reinforcement from Bergenhus they forced the Swedes to give up the siege of Akershus. In the end of the same year he was one of the leaders of an attack on Småland, which was not a success, since the peasants of Skåne, the main force of the army, mutinied, so the expedition had to be given up, and after this he did not play a large role in the warfare. At Malmøhus he had for several years (1568-73) the office to guard the state-prisoner,the earl of Bothwell. Bjørn Kaas died 26. March 1581 at Bygholm slot. Besides his family manor Stårupgård at Skive, (the still existing main building is his work), he owned Vangkjær, Kjærsgård and Ellinggård in Vendsyssel, Vorgård in Hellum herred, Tybjerggård at Sjælland and Bjersøholm in Skåne, where he also let build a new main building, (remains still exist); in Copenhagen he also had estate. A part of these riches was due to his wife Christence Nielsdatter Rotfeld, who survived him (+ 1601). Niels Hemmingsen's work "Livsens vej" (1570) is dedicated to Bjørn Kaas. After C.F. Bricka's text: grethe bachmannDansk Biografisk Lexicon, Carl Frederik BrickaProject Runeberg. Tårupgård, Tårup sogn, Viborg amt. Kaas, Jens 1516-78, a brother of Bjørn Kaas; it seems that he together with Bjørn had a turbulent life abroad in warfare. When a third brother Jørgen Kaas, caused by a crowd in the city Lüneburg, had committed a kill in 1552, he was executed in the same city, although king Christian III interceded for him ; the two brothers declared open war against the city,and now it was the city, who had to ask the king for help, so that he could admonish the brothers to keep a peace. Jens Kaas soon returned to his homeland, for in 1555-58 he was a vasal at Viskum len.(vasalry) When the war with Sweden approached, Jens Kaas was sent out to recruit lansquenets,but soon his experience in warfare and his skills had a far more important use, since he was entrusted with the important border fortification Elsfborg which the Swedes had taken in 1564. It was a very difficult task; the castle was ramshackled and with too few people, provisions and munitions; furthermore were often mutinies among the lansquenets, who quarrelled over lack of pay; but Jens Kaas showed equal to the task, and in spite of all efforts, the enemy did not succeed in taking back Elfsborg. Hans Skovgård wrote already in 1565 to hr. Mogens Gyldenstierne: "I sandhed Jens Kaas gjør som en god Karl, man burde ikke at forlade ham". (meaning that Jens Kaas should have all the assistance he could get; he did his task so well). So they succeeded in relieving him before it was too late. Not until November 1569 left Jens Kaas Elfsborg; he then had become the leader of all the lansquenets, and in the end of the war he led some expeditions into Sweden. The last years of his life he spent in quiet. In 1567 he had got a lensbrev (vasalry) at Gudumlund, which he in 1573 bought from the Crown; besides he owned Vorgård in Hellum herred, which his mother's niece fru Anne Bjørn had willed to him , and which his brother Bjørn inherited after him. He had some large vasalries too; Silkeborg 1573-77 and Aalborghus from 1577 until his death, 14. December 1578. Jens Kaas lived in a childless marriage with Margrethe Lange, a sister of the alchymist Erik Lange. She married Knud Brahe 1584, and died in 1622. After Thisets Danish text: grethe bachmannDansk Biografisk Lexicon, Carl Frederik BrickaProject Runeberg. Tårupgård , Tårup sogn, Viborg amt. Kaas, Niels, 1535-94,of Tårupgård , the king's kansler, youngest brother of Bjørn,Jens and Jørgen Kaas. Niels was born at Stårupgård in Viborg Stift. He was named after his father Niels Kaas (the Sparre-Kaas family with a chevron in coat of arms), who died 7 months before his birth; his mother Anne Bjørnsdatter Bjørn died, when he was 5 years old. His father's brother Mogens Kaas of Tårupgård, who was an accountant-rural dean in Jelling Syssel and later was cantor in Ribe chapter, took the role as a father for the orphant boy and sent him to a Viborg school, which was managed by principal Oluf Nielsen Skytte, whom Niels Kaas always later showed much gratitude for the guidance in learning and good behaviour, he had given him in his youth. After nine year at the school he had learned what schools could present at that time, namely besides a thorough religious knowledge, a good portion of Latin, some Greek and some dialectic and rhetoric rules. With this learning he was sent to Copenhagen in 1549, where he by his elder brother Bjørn Kaas, who was his guardian after his uncle's death, was placed in the house of Dr. Niels Hemmingsen , who had many other noble and civil boarders. Under his guidance Niels Kaas' excellent inborn talents were developed. Niels Hemmingsen praised him and predicted that he would become a very special man. His learning extended,he had theology, world's history and Danish history, ethnic and legal studies. He kept during his life a friendship with his old teacher, also when odds were against Niels Hemmingsen at the highest places and he had much bad luck. After 4 year's stay in Hemmingsen's house N.K wanted to go to schools abroad. But first he made a visit to his home in Jutland, where he after his uncle's death probably was the owner of Tårupgård. During the travel to Lybeck the ship was wrecked at Femern's coast and he saved his life with dificulty. In May 1554 he was immatriculated at Wittenberg, where he became one of Melanchtons most diligent listeners. Also here he drew attention caused by his excellent gifts. He later studied in Frankfurt a.d. Oder and in Løwen.(Louvain) At the last place, where he stayed for a long time , he visited the front, when the French and Spanish armies fought at St. Quentin.(1557) He finally returned to Denmark, richer equipped with learning than most contemporary noblemen. He especially had a knowledge in history and political science, which was not ordinary at that time, and skills in speaking Latin, which was of importance then for those who wanted higher offices within the State, especially when it came to negotiations with foreign countries. Not long after his homecoming he was engaged in the chancellery, and here he was soon noticed for his business talents; he was entrusted with important offices, especially during the Nordic Seven Year-War, when the king on his travels took with him kansler Johan Friis and first secretary Hans Skovgård; and while they were away, Niels Kaas took care of the part of the chancellery which was in Copenhagen. In 1568 and 69 he participated in the futile peace-negotiations with the Swedes in Roskilde and at the country-border at Ulfsbæk. In 1570 he and the two rigsråds Peder Bille and Jørgen Rosenkrantz were the Danish Government's representatives at the close of the peace in Stettin like at the negotiation with Sweden at Brømsebro in 1572. After Johan Friis' death in 1570 Niels Kaas functioned as the king's kansler, until he at the Herredag in May 1573 finally was appointed to this important and responsible office, in which he, at least after rigshofmester Peder Oxe's death (1575) became the first man of the kingdom next to the king. A part of his pay was St. Knuds kloster in Odense, besides he had some lesser vasalries (Knubbelykke birk at Lolland and Rynkeby at Fyn) plus Præbender (income) in Roskilde and Viborg chapters. In 1577 he also got Asmild kloster. During many years as a kansler he was known to be an honest and capable statesman. Frederik II appreciated him and liked him around. The king was sometimes difficult to associate with, but N.K most often understood with careful cleverness to make him understand what was best for the country/countries. He was both mild and firm, which made him able to lead difficult negotiations to a good result, i.e. in the long- lasting lensstridigheder (feuds about vasalry) of Schleswig. (1579,a question about succession after hertug Hans den Ældre (1581) and the division with hertug Hans den Yngre (1582) As the king's kansler N.K. was also the kansler of the University or the "top Konservator", an office where his love for science made him perfect. Writers dedicated their writings to him, which showed their trust in him. He participated in Tyge Brahe's and Anders Vedel's scientific work. And he loved history. Jakob Ulfeldt wrote about him that he had such a memory and knowledge about history that he could be compared to the best among historians. He corresponded wih the learned Dr. David Chytræus in Rostock who worked with the history of Norden (Scandinavia). He was attentive to the importance of history and meant that statesmen and the rulers had to value it and learn from it. It was due to him that a history teacher (Dr. Niels Krag) for the first time was appointed at the University of Copenhagen. The last 6 years of Niels Kaas' life demanded more cleverness, patriotism and work than at any other point of his life. When he stood at Frederik II's deathbed (4 april 1588) he promised the dying king to take care of his surviving relatives, and he was probably willing to do so, but later it was obvious that it was not that easy to unite the consideration of respect to the royals and the care for the country, which had to be his first task, especially after the whole rigsråd 15 april 1588 handed over to him and three other men of its middle to lead the government, as long as the elected prince Christian (IV) was underage; it must be considered a pay to NK's increased work that he at the same time was endowed with Lekkende and later (1592) also with Thistedgård. But he had to fight large difficulties, it was said that NK personally might have wanted queen dowager Sophie given a role in the government of the kingdoms, but the rigsråd wanted it in another way, and there were many embarrassing negotiations with the queen and her father, hertug Ulrik of Mecklenburg, negotiations, which probably hurt a mild personality like Niels Kaas, but during which he showed unshakably firmness considering what was best for the country and the elected king. Some historians (i.e. G.L. Baden) has made the queen dowager's exclusion from the government into a strong accusation against the oligarks in all and NK especially. There were complaints that the elected king was kept from an independent rule even after he in 1593 by the emperor was declared of age in hertugdømmerne. Here were also difficulties to solve. All in all, the politics NK chose was true Danish, moderate and cautious, as little provocing to foreign countries as possible and careful as to people's ability to pay taxes. (...) In short: His good name and reputations was known not only among Danes but also in foreign countries. (...) It seems that the stressing job as a kansler, and the embarassing feuds with the queen dowager were the reasons that he aged too soon. He had felt weak for some time, but still in the spring of 1594 he led the negotiations of the rigsråd, but at midsummer he knew he was about to die. He sent for the priest at Nicolai kirke, Mester Isak Grønbæk. (...) A few days before his death the young elected king came to him, the other members of the rigsråd were present. Niels Kaas gave the young king various advice, he especially asked him to take care of the navy,which was the most important in the defense of the kingdom; he told him, which states and neighbours would be the best friends, and he gave him a short general view over the existing unions and agreements with foreign countries.(...) He finally gave him the keys to the archive and the Crown jewels and told him that he had promised his late father that he would see to that his son was crowned. (...) But since he now gave him the keys of the kingdom, the young elected king had himself the crown and the other royal insignias. (...) (It is impossible to translate his whole speech, it is too old-fashioned) Niels Kaas died 29 June 1594, 60 years of age.His funeral service took place at 28 July in Vor Frue kirke (Domkirke) in Copenhagen; the bishop of Sjælland P.V.Vinstrrup held a preach over him.(...) After the funeral service Niels Kaas' body was brought to Viborg domkirke to be buried there. (...) Rørdam, Kbvns universitets Hist. 1537-1621 II. T. Lund, Christian IV's ship at Skanderborg Sø. After H.F.Rørdam's Danish text: grethe bachmann Dansk Biografisk Lexicon, Carl Frederik BrickaProject Runeberg.