Jelling kirke, Gorms grav

Jelling kirke, Gorms grav
Jelling kirke, Gorms grav

Friday, October 23, 2009

The Family Banner



According to Saxo thhe family Banner descends from Timme Sjællandsfar, who in a fight in England in the time of Knud den Store gathered the retreating Danes around a banner, which was a green beech-branch upon a spear.


Asdal

Banner, Anders Nielsen, –1486, Rigsraad, was one of the richest and most respected noblemen in the 15th century. After his father, hr. Niels Eriksen Banner, he had inherited Vinstrup in Sjælland, and after his mother, the well-known and rich fru Johanne Andersdatter (Panter), he inherited the old manor Asdal, and in his marriage to Kirsten Eriksdatter Gyldenstierne, a widow after Gotskalk Andersen of Kokkedal he also achieved Kokkedal; furthermore he owned several lesser main manors, Højris, Assendrup, Drefsholm etc. In 1452 he is mentioned as Ridder and as a member of rigsrådet. In 1470 he was a vasal at Ålborghus, to which the family was closely connected, since both his father and his son and son's son had it later. During the king's stay in Norway in 1486 hr. Anders was together with the bishop of Ribe and Oluf Mortensen Gyrstinge installed to lead the government in Jutland, but before the year had gone he died. After fru Kirsten's death he had married Sophie Mogensdatter Galt. His long-winding lawsuits were famous, i.e. with the dean of Børglum and the prior in Hundslund kloster, he even got a papal excommunication caused by that, which he however was released from by the king and the rigsråd.

Danmarks Adels Aarbog 1885, S. 47.
From
Thiset's Danish text: gb.
Dansk biografisk Lexicon
Carl Fr. Bricka
Project Runeberg



Kalø

Banner, Erik Eriksen, o. 1484-1554, Rigsraad and later Rigsmarsk, one of the most important leaders of the Lutheranian Adelsparti (nobility party) in the reformation-period; he was a son of Erik Andersen Banner of Kokkedal and Asdal and Karen Gjøe (Gøye) (his father was a son of above mentioned Anders Nielsen Banner) . (Is there a family-relation to Mogens Gjøe/Gøye via his mother ?) In 1514 he was endowed with Kalø slot, which he kept until his death. Here he received in 1518 Gustav Eriksson (Vasa) as a prisoner, after Christian II in a deceitful manner had brought him to Denmark from Sweden. The prisoner enjoyed a fine freedom at Kalø, and in 1519 when E.B. was concerned about the arming for Christian II's new expedition to Sweden, Gustav Vasa escaped to Lübeck, from where E.B. in vain attempted to have him handed over. E.B. had to give Christian II 1600 gylden, which was a very large sum of money at that time, and later he did not succeed in getting some compensation from king Gustav, who claimed that he had not promised E.B. not to take flight. It is not possible to prove some family-relation between E.B. and Gustav Vasa via the Swedish family, who later called itself Banér. There was no change in E.B.'s relation to Christian II; when the rebellion broke out in December 1522, E.B. joined Mogens Gjøe's party and tried like him and one of his brother-in-laws Oluf Nielsen Rosenkrantz to mediate between the rebels and the king, while his other brother-in-law, Tyge Krabbe was the most important leader of the rebellion. Like Mogens Gjøe E.B. also first denounced loyalty to Christian II, when hertug Frederik's army stood in Jutland and the king's followers were threatened on life and property. His name is found in Frederik I's jyske håndfæstning (Jutland coronation charter) from 26. March 1523; at the same time he became a member of rigsrådet, followed hertug Christian and Johan Rantzau to Funen, took a part in the siege of Copenhagen, but mostly stayed in Jutland, where he was among the rigsråd-members, king Frederik during his absence had installed as viceregents. Like Mogens Gjøe E.B. early joined the reformation and supported in various ways the Lutheranian preachers, In his own parish church at Kalø the preacher Simon Skjønning became parish priest. The indignation of the Catholic party was therefore aimed against both E.B. and Mogens Gjøe. The well-known senior lecturer Poul Helgesen (Paulus Helie) said about him that he in his initiative drove Mogens Gjø ahead. During the tiende-unrests, ( the peasants had to pay one tenth of their income in tax) which took place in Jutland, the peasants of Kalø vasalry were also unwilling to pay taxes to the bishop, and king Frederik had to beg E.B. to see to that the bishop of Århus got his income. E.B. was said to be very popular with the peasants. When Christian II's armaments in 1531 raised a strong opposition in Jutland, especially against the hated Mogens Munk, then it was also E.B. and Mogens Gjø who in their coolness had to put a brake on the opposition.

After Frederik I's detath (10 April 1533), he participated in the Jutland council's meeting in Karup (1. May), where various steps werre made in order to secure Jutland's safety, and on the big Herredag ( nobility/meeting ), which was held in Copenhagen about the king-election, he again supported Mogens Gjøe's efforts to have hertug Christian elected king ; and he did not co-seal the recess of 3 July where they tried to put obstacles in the way of the Lutheranian teachings, and at last he left Herredagen together with Mogens Gjøe, protesting against his brother-in-law Tyge Krabbe's and the other bishop-friends' behaviour, which hindered the holding of the king-election. E.B. was also among the noblemen, who together with Mogens Gjøe persuaded bishop Joachim Rønnov to let Hans Tausen come back to Copenhagen. In November the same year E.B. was among the delegates to hertug Christian on the occassion of the ratification of the Union-tractate with the hertugdømmerne (duchys), and he attempted with Mogens Gjøe and the leaders of the democratic-Lutheranian party, Ambrosius Bogbinder and Jørgen Kock to persuade hertug Christian (against the will of the rigsråd) to accept the Danish throne, which did not succeed this time. When the time came for the holding of the new king-election in Copenhagen in June 1534, various meetings were held at E.B.'s castle Kalø concerning the coming election. But when the Grevefejden (civil war) suddenly broke out, he took part in the meetings in Ry kirke 4 June and 4. July, where the Jutland council declared for hertug Christian, and he was then the main leader of the nobility during the Clementsfejden, during which both Asdal and Kokkedal (his estates in Vendsyssel) probably were burnt down.
After the defeit of the nobility at Svendstrup he organized a resistance in Randers which meant that both Kalø and the land south of Gudenå were saved. When hertug Christian sent Johan Rantzau to Jutland , E.B. was installed with him as chief of the army in Jutland and he became after Skipper Clement's defeit in Ålborg endowed with Ålborghus. The hard punishments of the rebellious peasants caused again some opposition in Vendsyssel, and E.B was sent together with Mogens Gjøe in order to calm them down. During this he got an enemy up there, the bishop of Børglum ,Stygge Krumpen, who was very displeased with the newly elected Lutheranian king, and it seemed that Stygge Krumpen had added fuel to the fire, he was also accused of having forbidden the peasants to pay their ordered taxes, he gathered them at the Thing and said that he would never do as E.B. had done, namely hang people or put them on the wheel , like he did. He probably referred to the fates of Skipper Clement himself and the other leaders of the peasants. But E.B. knew how to hit the sour bishop, he let him hear what people talked about that Stygge Krumpen during the feud "had been hiding in Peder Ridemand's baking oven." Or else there is no traceable personal strictness against the peasants in E.B.'s behaviour, he was always said to be well liked by the peasants.

During Christian III´s rule E.B. continued in an important position, in 1538 he followed the king to the Schmalkaldic fyrstemøde (prince-meeting) in Brunsvig, and after Tyge Krabbe's death he became rigsmarsk in 1541 and took part the same year in the kings-meeting in Brømsebro where he for the first time since the events in 1519 stood face to face with king Gustav.In 1542 he was the chief of the Danish troups sent as an assistance to king Gustav on the occasion of the Dacke-Feud. In 1547 he was together with other councillors sent to Nürnberg to mediate in order to avoid the outbreak of the Schmalkaldic war and was used in many various assignments up to his death at Kalø 28. March 1554.

E.B. had first been engaged to Karen Rosenkrantz, a daughter ot Christian II's hofmester (master at court) Niels Eriksen Rosenkrantz of Bjørnsholm ( in the Kalø-Area: present name Høegholm) and fru Birgitte Olufsdatter Thott of Vallø; when Karen died before the wedding, he later married her sister Mette Rosenkrantz, died at Kalø 13. April 1533. In January 1537 he married Margrethe Gyldenstierne , a daughter of Henrik Knudsen Gyldenstierne of Iversnæs ( Wedellsborg) etc. and fru Karen Bille, a sister of the famous brothers Mogens Gyldenstierne and Knud Gyldenstierne, bishop at funen; she died shortly after her husband, 1 Dec. 1554, and was like him buried in Torslev kirke at Kokkedal, where is a large grave stone with portraits of him and his two wives. Via inheritance in his marriages, buying estate and exchanging property E.B. had become one of the richest nobles in Denmark; he owned Asdal and Kokkedal in Vendsyssel, Højris at Mors, Gjessingholm(Løvenholm) in the Randers-area, Rygård at Sjælland etc. -
In spite of his excellent position as rigsråd and rigsmark he was never honoured with the accolade, probably because he as a protestant did not want it. From his seven children is the below mentioned Frants Banner the most known. E.B. writes the name "Banner" in the order in 1526 about the permanent family names of the nobility.

A. Heise, Fam. Rosenkrantz’ s Hist. II, passim.

From A. Heise's Danish text: gb.
Dansk biografisk Lexicon
Carl Fr. Bricka
Project Runeberg

Banner, Frants, –1575, was a son of the above mentioned marsk Erik Eriksen Banner and his first wife. He is mentioned for the first time in 1546, when he was endowed with the deanery in Århus, he was probably already at the court at that time, 2 years after he and his brother Axel were in the grand wedding-entourage, which accompanied princess Anna to Sachsen. In 1550 he became a vasal at Holbæk, but left this vasalry in 1554, when he after his father's death became his successor as vasal at Kalø. Here he only stayed for 3 years, but was then endowed with Børglum kloster, which he kept until the year before his death. During the Nordic Seven-Years-War he was ritmester of the Jutland banner (captain of the cavalry) and took part in the battle at Svarteraa. After his father he inherited Kokkedal and with his wife, Anne Johansdatter Oxe, Peder Oxe's sister, he got Gisselfeld and Rygård at sjælland, the last manor he exchanged with Ø kloster in Jutland, which he to honour his wife gave the name Oxholm. F.B. died in 1575 and was buried 24. July in Torslev kirke. Fru Anne, who only survived her husband in 6 years had given him 2 daughters.

Danmarks Adels Aarbog 1885, S. 48.
From Thiset's Danish text:gb
Dansk Biografisk lexicon
Cral. Fr. Bricka
Project Runeberg


Banner, Niels Eriksen, –o.1447, Rigsraad, was a son of hr. Erik Thomsen of Vinstrup in Sjælland, whose wife was Ingerd Pedersdatter. He inherited his paternal manor(Vinstrup), of which he is written in 1421; in 1438 he was rigsråd and vasal at Skivehus and took part in the rebellion against king Erik (of Pommern) and in king Christoffers summoms; in 1442 he was vasal at Ålborghus,which he probably kept until his death. He is mentioned for the last time as living in 1447. Hr. Niels was married to Johanne Andersdatter, who had a gaily coloured panter in her coat of arms and was of the same family as the famous drost Laurents (Laurids) Jonsen, known from king Christoffer II's time. In her youth she was kidnapped by hr. Bonde Due, who married her. When she after B.D's death married N.E. he became the owner of her father's manor Asdal. She survived him in many years, lead a grand household and was held in that great respect that she according to the family books' reports was a member of the rigsråd, and in 1463 was royal høvedsmand (chief) in Vendsyssel. She died in 1479 and was buried beside her husband Niels in Dueholm klosterkirke.

Danmarks Adels Aarbog 1885, S. 47.
From Thiset's Danish text: gb.
Dansk Biografisk Lexicon
Carl Fr. Bricka
Project Runeberg



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